The Israel-Egypt Peace Treaty was signed on March 26, 1979, following the Camp David Accords of September 18, 1978, which set the framework for a peace treaty between both countries. The framework set a timetable for establishing diplomatic relations and normalization, as well as a timetable for IDF withdrawal from the line east of El-Arish and extending to Ras Mohamed. The peace treaty “tied up loose threads” including Israeli withdrawal to the international borders of the two states.
Israel, in the southwestern corner of Asia and the southeast shore of the Mediterranean sea, has a population of over 9 million and a total area of just over 20,000 square kilometers (slightly more than 8000 square miles), ranks 150th among nations in geographical size and 99th in population size. Its population is 80% Jewish and 20% Muslim.