In 1920, the San Remo Peace Conference delegated to Great Britain the authority to administer the Land of Israel and Transjordan, collectively known as the Palestine Mandate. In 1921, the British opted to decrease the size of the Jewish national home and to take Transjordan away from it. In 1922, Churchill published a White Paper on this subject. Later that year, the League of Nations approved the changed mandate, which took effect in 1923.
Israel, in the southwestern corner of Asia and the southeast shore of the Mediterranean sea, has a population of over 9 million and a total area of just over 20,000 square kilometers (slightly more than 8000 square miles), ranks 150th among nations in geographical size and 99th in population size. Its population is 80% Jewish and 20% Muslim.